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Is owning a Canadian slave illegal

Local preachers ran him and his Eye Opener newspapers out of Wetaskiwin and, in turn, Strathcona and High River for "expressing contrary opinions, drinking and hootin' and yellin'and generally disturbing' the Gospel". He arrived in Calgary and the paper became The Calgary Eye Opener in 1904 Wednesday, June 06, 2012 ---
Why can an American buy Mexicans but cannot buy Canadians?

Local preachers ran him and his Eye Opener newspapers out of Wetaskiwin and, in turn, Strathcona and High River for "expressing contrary opinions, drinking and hootin' and yellin'and generally disturbing' the Gospel". He arrived in Calgary and the paper became The Calgary Eye Opener in 1904 Wednesday, June 06, 2012 ---
Provincial Exports circa 2012

I drove the last spike on the CPR railroad in 1885. A fellow I fired wrote a book about me, full of vicious lies and insinuations and exaggerations ... trouble is though, it's mainly true Thursday, March 01, 2012 ---
Geologist calls for a debate on science of global warming

Back in 1877, Crowfoot was the leader of the Blackfoot --- the most feared native tribe in western North America. Wednesday, February 22, 2012 ---

From the Banks of the South Saskatchewan Sunday, February 19, 2012 ---
A Bum's Xmas in Calgary

Local preachers ran him and his Eye Opener newspapers out of Wetaskiwin and, in turn, Strathcona and High River for "expressing contrary opinions, drinking and hootin' and yellin'and generally disturbing' the Gospel". He arrived in Calgary and the paper became The Calgary Eye Opener in 1904 Friday, December 16, 2011 ---
Is global warming caused by human-made CO2?

Back in 1877, Crowfoot was the leader of the Blackfoot --- the most feared native tribe in western North America. Tuesday, December 06, 2011 ---
Is Global Warming caused by Humans? Let's debate the facts!!!.

Back in 1877, Crowfoot was the leader of the Blackfoot --- the most feared native tribe in western North America. Tuesday, November 01, 2011 ---
"Secession first God will put down
Wholly and for ever
And afterward from Britain's crown
He Canada will sever."

A marching song popular with Yankee regiments in the American Civil War

John Ware --- Born a slave. After Lincoln freed the slaves, John moved to Canada and became a cowboy --- his funeral was the largest in Calgary's history


I'll have none of it Mr. Ware ... I'm a very modest man ... with --- as Winston Churchill said about his rival, Clement Attlee, "much to be modest about ".... Thank America not me --- America sacrificed 360,000 of its finest young men to free another people ... Our civil war was as Churchill described yet another American sacrifice "the most unsordid act in the whole of recorded history." And then ... despite the nazi regime that managed to regain power in the south after I was killed ... that never would have happened had I lived --- despite that, we went on to become human history's greatest nation --- the largest, most efficient economy in the world --- we lead the world in everything --- science, literature, art, culture, decency How do you like it up here?

Some of it I like ... some I don't like ... I miss the old days ... I miss the land of milk and honey ...

Me too ... but how can I help you

Mr. President --- because, after the southerners murdered you ... they stole back most of the things you gave us blacks, I moved on to Canada ... and I did well here ... but I never gave up the U.S. Citizenship you gave me ... there is nothing more valuable in the universe -- I would like to know ... if you had lived ... would you have invaded Canada ...

No ... I wouldn't have needed too ...

But the people of Canada formed their own country in 1867 ...

The English Parliament --- not the Canadian people --- formed the country ... they did not base it upon "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" as we, in our Declaration of Independence, based America --- the English Parliament based Canada upon "peace, order and good government". If America had been based upon "peace, order and good government", Mr. Ware, you'd still be a slave. No ... I wouldn't have invaded ... I would have annexed Canada ... with very little pressure, the English would have given all of British North America to us. The British owed us a great deal ... during our war to free the slaves ... the British ruling classes tried to destroy us ... we'd cut off their supply of cotton for their great factories --- more importantly, they envied us ... they resented us because in 1776, ... four score and seven years before the war to free the slaves, we'd revolted against the British and set up our own country --- based upon "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" we had become extremely successful. We had proven that democracy for the people, of the people and by people worked.

But they didn't declare war against you --- or even recognize the Southern Confederacy as a country.

The ruling class in England wanted to do more to harm us --- they hovered over the battle fields like buzzards --- hoping for rebel victories --- they wanted to recognize the rebel government - they wanted to use Canada as a launching pad to invade America. But the English working class would have none of it --- even the ones who had lost jobs because there was no southern cotton to mill believed in the idea of America. Underhandedly their rulers did everything they could to hurt us:

  • they tried to ship a rebel diplomat called James Mason to England aboard an English mail steamer, the Trent -- they wanted Mason to represent the rebel government with the English government --- about as close to recognition of the rebel government as you can get. A U.S. naval ship, the San Jactino, boarded the Trent and arrested Mason. The English used the Trent incident as propaganda to stir up the English people. We didn't want a war with England --- we ate crow and returned Mason to the English.
  • they sent 11,000 English troops to lurk on the Canadian/American border threatening to invade --- we were fighting a war to preserve America and here were the English threatening a second front in our rear --- we had to pluck thousands of precious troops from fighting the rebels to guard against an invasion from the north --- this was a threat which would, I believed, remain so long as Canada was part of the British Empire
  • they planned to use the English fleet to capture New York City
  • they built armed cruisers for the rebels for the specific purpose of raiding our ships on the high seas and "blockade runners" that the rebels could use to smuggle goods through the blockade we set up against the rebels. We figured that these English built ships cost us, directly, a loss of merchant ships and cargo of $125 million and, indirectly, $3 billion. After the civil war a Court of Arbitration awarded us $15 million to compensate us for the damage wrought by the English-built raiders and blockade-runners --- don't forget that, in 1867, we purchased Alaska from the Russians for only $1 million.
  • they allowed the rebels to use Canada as a base for guerilla attacks into the U.S. One guerilla band robbed three banks in St. Albans, Vermont, killed an innocent civilian and headed back over the Canadian border with $170,000. A Canadian court legitimized the raid and refused to extradite the guerillas to the U.S.

In other words, the British owed us more than the value of Canada.

So you wanted to even the score?

To get even? No, no --- I've said it many times and I've meant it --- the best way of evening a score is forgiveness --- I am not two-faced --- if I were, would I be wearing this one? No -- I had very good reasons. We wanted to remove all old-world nations from the Americas. But more important was what we could gain --- we could prevent the rebirth of nazism in the U.S. south --- we would bring eight English colonies into the union as new states ---- Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Rupertsland, Columbia and Vancouver Island --- each state would elect two senators (a total of 16 senators) to the powerful U.S. Senate --- the great majority of folks in each of those colonies hated slavery. And we would gain probably 10 seats in the House of Representatives. And 26 electoral votes in the election of the President. And soon we would have added two more states in the areas now occupied by Saskatchewan and Alberta.

You call the southern rebels nazis --- but the the real nazis didn't come into existence until 60 years later with Germany's Hitler.

I suppose you could call the word "nazi" a metaphor. But "metaphor" is too weak a word. Southern society and the southern economy was pretty close to the German nazi society and the nazi economy of 6o years later. Both were based on racism. A southern slave owner could torture a runaway slave to death with a bullwhip --- the south was full of torture factories called workhouses and ranches where negroes were "broken". If, in 2010, a dog was treated the way slaves could be treated in the south in 1860, its owner would be jailed for years.

Even during the civil war I had started a program of rebuilding the south --- called "reconstruction". I made all blacks U.S. Citizens equal to whites and provided all blacks with public education. Black voters elected a number of successful leaders in each state and to the U.S. Congress. At first reconstruction was successful. I was murdered in 1865 --- my successor, Andrew Johnson, was a southerner at heart. Gradually the gains we made were whittled away. We had expelled the eleven rebel states from the union. Johnson allowed them back into the union without purging them of racists. Once the rebel states were readmitted to the union, Johnson allowed them to set up racist state governments and to bully, abuse and kill blacks. Even though my supporters fought back and called in the U.S. army and elected General U.S. Grant President in 1868, the southerners, armed with electoral votes and senators and representatives in the U.S. government were eventually able to force the army out of the south and to end reconstruction. The rebel states should not have been readmitted to the union before their governments were thoroughly purged of racists. After the second world war Harry Truman purged all nazis out of positions of power in Germany --- threw many of them in jail --- executed some. Germany became a fully-functioning democracy and its economy and culture flourished. After reconstruction failed, the south became a one-party dictatorship and its economy and culture rotted away. The racists won out because Johnson gave them 22 Senate seats, 53 seats in the House of Representatives and 75 electoral votes in the election of president. If we had admitted eight or ten states from Canada, the racist power of the south would be balanced by the power of the Canadian states.

But wouldn't the English have fought for Canada?. What about Canadians themselves?.

Canada wasn't very important to England. On the other hand, the English ruling classes needed our grain to feed their people and needed our markets for their exports. And they wanted our friendship and to avoid paying compensation for the damage they had caused us during the rebellion. And there was a large number of Canadians who wanted to join the United States.

I notice you haven't counted Quebec as a state.

In 1865, the Catholic Church dominated Quebec. Many of my supporters hated the Catholic Church though I did not. The Church would have fought against annexation of Quebec into the union. I would have allowed Quebec to exist as a separate state. The United States would have required full use of the St. Lawrence River but would have paid Quebec a generous rent and would have supported Quebec financially.

Thanks a million Mr. President.

Are you a tennis player Mr. Ware. Let's play on Thursday.

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1862: A Novel

All about Abraham Lincoln - Wikipedia

Lost States - Michael Trinklein

The Myth of America's 'Free Security' - World Policy Journal

Annexation movements in Canada - Wikipedia

If Lincoln hadnt died. . . - American Heritage.com

Reconstruction era of the United States - Wikipedia

Supreme Court of Canada rejects 'Miranda rights' --- You're not entitled to lawyer during police que - Victoria Times Colonist

Changing the way Ottawa funds provinces could cost us plenty - Michael J. Prince

Sarah Palin has changed - she now seems like a Madame Tussaud likeness of herself, everything was so - Gary Mason

Amid political circus, Americans do care about issues - Chrystia Freeland

Democrats didn't lose the battle of 2010. They won it. - Slate

Will New York mayor Michael Bloomberg run for president in 2012 - Ben McGrath

U.S. midterms - Just another vote for dysfunctional polarization - Margaret Wente

A Lincoln without a Gettysburg: Obama speaks at Tucson - Clifford Orwin
President Obama's lofty vision of civility and empathy will necessarily translate into support for him, given Republican opponents who look like a pack of naysayers

© 2004 Thomas O. ("Tim") Davis All rights reserved