have none of it Mr. Ware ... I'm a very modest man ... with --- as Winston
Churchill said about his rival, Clement
Attlee, "much to be modest about ".... Thank America not me ---
America sacrificed 360,000 of its finest young men to free another people ...
Our civil war was as Churchill described yet another American sacrifice "the
most unsordid act in the whole of recorded history." And then ... despite
the nazi regime that managed to regain power in the south after I was killed
... that never would have happened had I lived --- despite that, we went on
to become human history's greatest nation --- the largest, most efficient economy
in the world --- we lead the world in everything --- science, literature, art,
culture, decency How do you like it up here?
of it I like ... some I don't like ... I miss the old days ... I miss the land
of milk and honey ...
too ... but how can I help you
President --- because, after the southerners murdered you ... they stole back
most of the things you gave us blacks, I moved on to Canada ... and I did well
here ... but I never gave up the U.S. Citizenship you gave me ... there is nothing
more valuable in the universe -- I would like to know ... if you had lived ...
would you have invaded Canada ...
... I wouldn't have needed too ...
the people of Canada formed their own country in 1867 ...
English Parliament --- not the Canadian people --- formed the country ... they did not
base it upon "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" as we, in our
Declaration of Independence, based America --- the English Parliament based
Canada upon "peace, order and good government". If America had been
based upon "peace, order and good government", Mr. Ware, you'd still
be a slave. No ... I wouldn't have invaded ... I would have annexed Canada ...
with very little pressure, the English would have given all of British North
America to us. The British owed us a great deal ... during our war to free the
slaves ... the British ruling classes tried to destroy us ... we'd cut off their
supply of cotton for their great factories --- more importantly, they envied
us ... they resented us because in 1776, ...
four score and seven years before the war to free the slaves, we'd revolted
against the British and set up our own country --- based upon "life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness" we had become extremely successful. We had
proven that democracy for the people, of the people and by people worked.
they didn't declare war against you --- or even recognize the Southern Confederacy
as a country.
ruling class in England wanted to do more to harm us --- they hovered over the
battle fields like buzzards --- hoping for rebel victories --- they wanted to
recognize the rebel government - they wanted to use Canada as a launching pad
to invade America. But the English working class would have none of it --- even
the ones who had lost jobs because there was no southern cotton to mill believed
in the idea of America. Underhandedly their rulers did everything they could
to hurt us:
they tried to
ship a rebel diplomat called James Mason to England aboard an English mail
steamer, the Trent -- they wanted Mason to represent the rebel
government with the English government --- about as close to recognition
of the rebel government as you can get. A U.S. naval ship, the San Jactino,
boarded the Trent and arrested Mason. The English used the Trent
incident as propaganda to stir up the English people. We didn't want a war
with England --- we ate crow and returned Mason to the English.
they sent 11,000
English troops to lurk on the Canadian/American border threatening to invade
--- we were fighting a war to preserve America and here were the English
threatening a second front in our rear --- we had to pluck thousands of
precious troops from fighting the rebels to guard against an invasion from
the north --- this was a threat which would, I believed, remain so long as Canada
was part of the British Empire
to use the English fleet to capture New York City
they built armed
cruisers for the rebels for the specific purpose of raiding our ships on
the high seas and "blockade runners" that the rebels could use to smuggle
goods through the blockade we set up against the rebels. We figured that
these English built ships cost us, directly, a loss of merchant ships and
cargo of $125 million and, indirectly, $3 billion. After the civil war a Court of Arbitration awarded us $15 million to compensate us for the damage wrought by the English-built raiders and blockade-runners --- don't forget that, in 1867,
we purchased Alaska from the Russians for only $1 million.
- they allowed the rebels to use
Canada as a base for guerilla attacks into the U.S. One guerilla band robbed
three banks in St. Albans, Vermont, killed an innocent civilian and headed
back over the Canadian border with $170,000. A Canadian court legitimized
the raid and refused to extradite the guerillas to the U.S.
In other words, the
British owed us more than the value of Canada.
you wanted to even the score?
get even? No, no --- I've said it many times and I've meant it --- the best
way of evening a score is forgiveness --- I am not two-faced --- if I were,
would I be wearing this one? No -- I had very good reasons. We wanted to remove
all old-world nations from the Americas. But more important was what we could
gain --- we could prevent the rebirth of nazism in the U.S. south --- we would
bring eight English colonies into the union as new states ---- Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island,
Nova Scotia, Ontario, Rupertsland, Columbia and Vancouver Island --- each state would elect
two senators (a total of 16 senators) to the powerful U.S. Senate
--- the great majority of folks in each of those colonies hated slavery. And
we would gain probably 10 seats in the House of Representatives. And 26 electoral
votes in the election of the President. And soon we would have added two more
states in the areas now occupied by Saskatchewan and Alberta.
call the southern rebels nazis --- but the the real nazis didn't come into existence
until 60 years later with Germany's Hitler.
I suppose you could
call the word "nazi" a metaphor. But "metaphor" is too weak
a word. Southern society and the southern economy was pretty close to the German
nazi society and the nazi economy of 6o years later. Both were based on racism.
A southern slave owner could torture a runaway slave to death with a bullwhip
--- the south was full of torture factories called workhouses and ranches where
negroes were "broken". If, in 2010, a dog was treated the way slaves
could be treated in the south in 1860, its owner would be jailed for years.
Even during the civil
war I had started a program of rebuilding the south --- called "reconstruction".
I made all blacks U.S. Citizens equal to whites and provided all blacks with public education. Black voters elected a number of successful leaders in each state
and to the U.S. Congress. At first reconstruction was successful. I was murdered
in 1865 --- my successor, Andrew Johnson, was a southerner at heart. Gradually
the gains we made were whittled away. We had expelled the eleven rebel states
from the union. Johnson allowed them back into the union without purging them
of racists. Once the rebel states were readmitted to the union, Johnson allowed
them to set up racist state governments and to bully, abuse and kill blacks.
Even though my supporters fought back and called in the U.S. army and elected
General U.S. Grant President in 1868, the southerners, armed with electoral
votes and senators and representatives in the U.S. government were eventually
able to force the army out of the south and to end reconstruction. The rebel
states should not have been readmitted to the union before their governments
were thoroughly purged of racists. After the second world war Harry Truman purged
all nazis out of positions of power in Germany --- threw many of them in
jail --- executed some. Germany became a fully-functioning democracy and its
economy and culture flourished. After reconstruction failed, the south became
a one-party dictatorship and its economy and culture rotted away. The racists
won out because Johnson gave them 22 Senate seats, 53 seats in the House of
Representatives and 75 electoral votes in the election of president. If we had
admitted eight or ten states from Canada, the racist power of the south would
be balanced by the power of the Canadian states.
wouldn't the English have fought for Canada?. What about Canadians themselves?.
wasn't very important to England. On the other hand, the English ruling classes
needed our grain to feed their people and needed our markets for their exports.
And they wanted our friendship and to avoid paying compensation for the damage
they had caused us during the rebellion. And there was a large number of Canadians
who wanted to join the United States.
notice you haven't counted Quebec as a state.
1865, the Catholic Church dominated Quebec. Many of my supporters hated the
Catholic Church though I did not. The Church would have fought against annexation
of Quebec into the union. I would have allowed Quebec to exist as a separate
state. The United States would have required full use of the St. Lawrence River
but would have paid Quebec a generous rent and would have supported Quebec financially.
a million Mr. President.
you a tennis player Mr. Ware. Let's play on Thursday.